In 1942, Ležáky was summoned & razed to the ground by the NAZIs during the German occupation of Czechoslovakia (which started in 1938 aka Protectorate - Bohemia & Moravia with Reinhard Heydrich at the Helms). Ležáky was a settlement inhabited by poor stone-cutters and little cottagers. It was composed of eight houses concentrated near the mill; this mill had created the basis for the village. In December 1941, several paratroopers were dropped into Bohemia and Moravia, some of them were sent to assassinate Reinhard Heydrich and another group were part of Operation Silver A. Several people from Ležáky helped the Allies in this attempt, providing a hiding place for their radio station. After the assassination of Heydrich (May 27, 1942) the revenge of the Nazis started with martial law. On June 10, the village of Lidice was obliterated and its male inhabitants shot on sight. On June 24, over 500 armed Germans surrounded Ležáky, took away all the inhabitants (sent to concentration camps or executed) and set the village on fire. In Pardubice, 32 villagers (both men and women) were shot and burned in local crematorium; 13 children were separated. On June 26 a press release announced the event publicly. Before the Christmas of 1943, the débris of Ležáky was pulled down. Two of the children were selected for the 'Aryanisation' programme (both were found and returned after the war); the remaining 11 were sent to the Chelmno extermination camp and in summer 1942 gassed (together with children from Lidice). Unlike Lidice, Ležáky was not rebuilt after the war, and only memorials exist today.
At night on December 29, 1941the British airplane Halifax transported parachutists, members of Czechoslovak army in Great Britain, to the Protectorate. The group Anthropoid (Josef Gabčík, Jan Kubiš) were to carry out assassination on deputy Reich protector Reinhard Heydrich; the mission of group Silver A (Alfréd Bartoš, Josef Valčík and radio-operator Jiří Potůček) was to establish and maintain contact with London and to help national resistance. The leader of Silver A, Alfréd Bartoš established the headquarters in Pardubice where he had lived for several years with his mother, which was against the rules of conspiracy.
In January 1941 the radiator Libuše operated by J.Potůček radiated from the quarry Hluboká near Dachov which was in close neighbourhood of Ležáky. The protector of the quarry Jindřich Vaško and his brother František who was the leaseholder of Hluboká together with engineman Karel Svoboda were helping. Potůček was broadcasting from the double ceiling of the engine room under extreme conditions. Libuše was then moved to other places and afterwards it returned to quarry Hluboká but in April it is already placed at the mill of Ležáky where Jindřich Švanda was the miller. The radio-operator Potůček moved to the first floor to the apartment of miller’s brother in law Josef Šťulík. The head sergeants of gendarmerie in Vrbatův Kostelec, Karel Kněz with his inferiors are already cooperating with Potůček. The parachutists Josef Gabčik and Jan Kubiš, most likely in cooperation with Josef Valčík, carry out an assassination on R. Heydrich on May 27, 1942. The state minister K.H.Frank- now delegated by Hitler to lead the protectorate- proclaimed an emergency: it comes on so called second Heydrichiade, a period of heartless terror. Heydrich succumbed on June 4 in Prague hospital na Bulovce. The search for the assassinators leads mistakenly and due to lies to Lidice that are on June 10 burned out by Nazis. Lidice men are shot, women dragged to concentration camps and children are for the most part moved to Lodž and later on death follows.
Due to denouncement, that was presented by parachutist Karel Čurda, a member of the parachutist group Out Distance, when he optionally called Prague Gestapo on June 16, wave of arresting focused on members of resistance and colleagues of “parachute agents”, which is how Nazis called parachutists, followed. On Wednesday, June 17, Luděk Matura from Svítkov came to mill of Ležáky on a bicycle to warn Jiří Potůček, švandas and Šťulíks. Towards morning of the following day the radio-station Libuše leaves the valley of Ležáky in a car, accompanied by Potůček and Jindřich Vaško. The radio-operator travels to North towards Červený Kostelec. Gestapo was following him eagerly. The odyssey of Potůček ended on June 2, 1942 when a Czech policeman shot him during his sleep in a grove between Trnová and Rosice near Pardubice.
Seven parachutists waited to see their death on June 18- it was also due to Čurda’s denouncement. It was a hero death, mostly carried by their own hands in the former orthodox church of Karel Bromejský in Resslova street in Prague. Among them there was also Josef Gabčík, Jan Kubiš and Josef Valčík. Nazis suspected that there was a connection between Valčík and the radio station Libuše even though that they could not prove that.
After Čurda’s denouncement also the Krupka couple, fellows of Alfréd Bartoš was arrested, members of Pardubice Nazi office scan registration forms of residence of Miřetice where Ležáky belonged in accordance with the land register, they are searching in the quarry Hluboká and in the mill of Ležáky. Gestapo or, based on their commands, Czech policemen arrest František Vaško with his wife, Jindřich Vaško, the miller Jindřich Švanda, his wife Františka, the engineman from Hluboká Karel Svoboda, Josef Šťulík and also his wife Marie and her parents with son, parents of Josef Šťulík Václav and Růžena Šťulíks and others. The head sergeant Karel Knět shot himself and also other fellows of the troopers committed a suicide.
Wednesday, June 24 1942 became the fatal day. In the morning an armed convoy of cars drew into the Pardubice Gestapo station. The mayors of Louka and Miřetice had to hand over police registration forms of Ležáky inhabitants to Gestapo, together with list of livestock and protocols of properties. At about half past twelve Ležáky were hermetically closed by SS units (approximately 500 people) and by Czech protectorate policemen. There was a check of police registration forms. Nazi gathered the inhabitants, mostly workers from quarries by the road that led through the colony. The children that were missing were escorted from school or eventually from relatives. Before five o’clock in the afternoon Germans transported 47 old men, women and children to the Castle. Afterwards they plundered in the colony thereupon they set up the houses into fire. The hoses were burning for the whole night. Following adjustments of terrain were ensured by construction company from Jičín.
Still the same evening Nazi murdered 34 inhabitants of Ležáky, 18 women and 16 men, near the Castle. Seven people from Ležáky and more than forty fellows of the troopers were shot on June 25 and July 2, 1942. All 13 children were transported to Prague yet at night from June 24 to 25. Afterwards to detention camp in Lodž or eventually to children’s home in Pluščikov near Poznan. The sisters Jarmila and Marie Šťulíks were acknowledged as suitable for Germanizing and they were handed over to German families under different names. After the war the police inspector Josef Ondráček brought them to their homeland. Eleven children of Ležáky found their death on June 25 in a gas truck in Polish Chelmno and together with them also one girl from Lidice as well as before them 81 children from Lidice. The relatives of the troopers and their fellows in total 254 people were executed en masse on October 24, 1942 in a concentration camp Mauthausen. Murdering of Czech patriots in connection with heydrichiade continued in Mauthausen yet in January 1943. More men and women wither from the neighbourhood of Ležáky of from the region of Pardubice arrested ether as fellows of descend Silver A found themselves in concentration camps in Osvetim, Buchenwald, Ravensbrück and only some of survived.
Since the end of October until the mid of December 1943 the remains of Ležáky were levelled with the ground by approximately sixty-five captives of work camps. During the liquidation works, one worker, Josef Bezvoda found money and weapons in two cans underneath a stone of house no. 13 where old and young Boháčs and Čeněk Bureš with his wife lived. The inhabitants hid it very well- Nazis did not find them neither when annihilating Ležáky on June 24 1942, nor later.
At the beginning of March 1943, the quarry Hluboká was declared abandoned to the Reich and under the supervision of the chief of Pardubice Gestapo Clages it was sold under its value to his nephew K.H.Becher. Clages used to visit the quarry even in his civil clothes and he had a big interest about its prosperity. Also the former business – granite quarries of František Vaško became a part of Becher’s firm.
Adolf Hitler ordered the whole city of Lidice & its inhabits to be obliterated and it was to be done ruthlessly and violently. The reason for this harsh and brutal massacre was reprocussion from the assassination of REINHARD HEYDRICH. Reinhard Heydrich was driving thorugh the city of Lidice when 2 British secret agents opened fire on Heydrich's car which was curving around a bend. Heydrich died approximately 1 week later due to injuries of this assassination. Hitler & HImmler were absolutely furious about this. Heydrich was one of the evilest men to walk the earth and was well loved by all the top nazi officials. He was HIMMLER's right hand man and was the Protectorate of Bohemia & Moravia. To sum it up....Hitler sent a force down to the city of LIDICE and LEZAKY and litterally wiped them both off the face of the earth.
I do not think there were many survivors if any at all. He slaughtered women & children by the hundreds.
This is The Real Story of the Nazi Third Reich !!